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HIV/AIDS & Persons with Physical and Mental Disabilities: A Guide to Selected Resources, April 2000
Table of Contents


Journal articles discuss treatment and education barriers, prevention education programs, and other topics relating to HIV/AIDS among people with physical and mental disabilities. Additionally, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides free, online access to journal citations (MEDLINE database) as well as monographs, meeting abstracts, and government report citations (AIDSLINE database) at You may call the National Library of Medicine toll-free at 888-346-3656 for additional information. NPIN Resource and Training Center librarians are available at 800-458-5231 to help you search NLM and other Internet sites.

Woodroffe et al. Knowledge and attitudes about AIDS among deaf and hard-of-hearing persons. AIDS Care. 10(3):377-86, June 1998.
The authors investigated whether the public information being dispensed about AIDS reaches deaf and hard-of-hearing persons to the same extent as the rest of the American population.

Dagron et al. An adapted access to healthcare for the deaf: a necessity and enrichment. International Conference on AIDS. 12:606-7 (abstract no. 32424), June 1998.
This article focuses on the barriers deaf people face when accessing health information. Training deaf people to become healthcare professionals and training hearing professionals to be bilingual in sign language would increase deaf people’s access to HIV/ AIDS-related information, prevention education, and treatment.

Baker-Duncan et al. Deaf adolescents’ knowledge of AIDS. Grade and gender effects. American Annals of the Deaf. 142(5):368-72, December 1997.
This article summarizes the results of a study of deaf adolescents’ responses to a questionnaire designed to probe their knowledge of AIDS. The study discovered that few students knew the answers to most questions, indicating that AIDS education programs for deaf adolescents are urgently needed.

Hardy, S., and L. Pearson. HIV prevention education for adolescent women with dis-abilities. National Conference on Women with HIV (abstract no. 207.2), May 1997.
This journal article focuses on the results of a community-based clinic’s efforts to develop a specialized curriculum for HIV prevention education for adolescent women with learning disabilities, emotional problems, and behavioral problems.

De Jongh-Wieth, F., and L.Tonino van de Marel. HIV-prevention at a workplace for people with a mental and/or physical disability. International Conference on AIDS. 11(2): 356 (abstract no Th.C. 4659), July 1996.
This article discusses an HIV prevention educa-tion program designed by an organization that provides work for people with mental and physical disabilities. The education program also covered related diseases, such as TB and STDs.

Checkley et al. HIV in the mentally ill. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 30(2): 184-94, April 1996.
This article discusses the results of a survey of published literature covering HIV infection and risk behaviors among the mentally ill. Among risk behaviors that exposed the mentally ill were impulsivity and high levels of sexual activity during acute exacerbations of psychiatric illness.

Kennedy, S. F., and C. L. Buchholz. HIV and AIDS among the deaf. Sexuality and Disability. 13(2):145-158, Summer 1995.
This article describes the AIDS crisis within the deaf community. It discusses sexuality within the deaf community, risk factors for AIDS, attitudes of deaf gays and lesbians, medical needs of deaf people, and the deaf community’s efforts in these areas.

Razzano, L., J. Cook, and K. Keany. HIV services for mental health consumers with hearing impairment: risk assessment and prevention strategies. Journal of the American Deafness and Rehabilitation Association. 28(1):17-30, Summer 1994.
This paper describes an HIV risk assessment screening for deaf clients with severe mental illness at a large psychosocial rehabilitation agency in Chicago. The agency has developed education, prevention, and ongoing support services to respond to the needs of this at-risk population.

Gonzales, B. R., and J. Luckner. No, they’re not too young: teaching children about HIV-AIDS. Perspectives in Education and Deafness. 12(2):10-11,18-20, November-December 1993.
This article emphasizes the importance of teaching young deaf children about HIV and AIDS and presents guidelines for an HIV/AIDS education program. It discusses designing a curriculum or integrating HIV/AIDS instruction into the existing curriculum and provides sample activities for teaching children about diseases and their transmission.

Neumann et al. HIV education for persons with disabilities. International Conference on AIDS. 9(2): 876 (abstract no. PO-D19-3949), June 1993.
This article examines the results of grants awarded by the CDC to develop, implement, and evaluate HIV educational materials and curricula designed for blind and visually impaired adults; mentally retarded and developmentally disabled people; and deaf and hearing-impaired people.

Freeman, M. Therapeutic narrative: multi-media uses of cross-cultural storytelling for people living with AIDS. International Conference on AIDS. 6(2): 295 (abstract no. F.D. 855), June 1990.
This article discusses a multimedia model of health education among providers and people living with AIDS, including the visually impaired. It concludes that having a variety of communi-cation methods, including audio, make support and prevention information accessible.

Hachmann et al. Prevention of HIV infection in the mentally impaired, featuring West Berlin. International Conference on AIDS. 5:746 (abstract no. W.D.P. 23), June 1989.
This article discusses a German study of 400 mentally disabled, institutionalized adults and their sexual activities and knowledge. The authors conclude that tailoring HIV prevention education to the institutional environment is vital since institutionalized patients are unlikely to have access to the medical information available elsewhere.

Houston-Hamilton, A., N. Day, and P. Purnell. AIDSSAFE AIDS prevention training for functionally impaired. International Conference on AIDS. 5:934 (abstract no. E.791), June 1989.
This article describes an effective AIDS prevention program for a variety of functionally impaired patients at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, DC.

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