This section contains background documents providing a broad view of the HIV/AIDS
epidemic and CDC's role, activities, and prevention efforts. Click on HTML or PDF
to view each document in either format. Once you open an HTML document,
you will be able to navigate among all the HTML documents by clicking on
the titles in the left-hand sidebar. You will need Acrobat Reader loaded on your computer
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Addressing the Global
Epidemic: CDC's International Activities [HTML | PDF]
CDC is dedicated to prevention, care, and treatment both in the U.S.
and world-wide; through collaborative efforts with groups in other countries, the
epidemic, prevention, and treatments are monitored.
CDC's Role in HIV and AIDS
CDC provides leadership in HIV and AIDS prevention on the local,
national, and international levels, through research, monitoring, dissemination, and
Combating Complacency in HIV
Good news about treatments and declining transmission rates can trigger
complacency in some communities. However, complacency thwarts prevention efforts, which
are still the best way to save lives and dollars.
Critical Need to Pay Attention
to HIV Prevention for African Americans [HTML | PDF]
The disproportionate effect of HIV and AIDS on African
Americansmore than any other racial or ethnic groupmeans CDC's prevention
efforts must take into account cultural, social, and economic factors that affect minority
Critical Need to Pay Attention
to HIV Prevention for Women: Minority and Young Women Bear Greatest Burden [HTML | PDF]
AIDS cases among women have tripled in just over a decade, spreading
fastest among minority women and prompting CDC to increase prevention efforts, focus on
female-controlled methods, and make care accessible to all women.
Dangerous Intersection of Drug
Use and Sexual HIV Transmission Points to Critical Need for Comprehensive HIV Prevention
Among Drug Users [HTML | PDF]
Transmission through drug injection affects not just users but their
sex partners, and the need for prevention efforts is compounded by a lack of drug
The Deadly Intersection
Between TB and HIV [HTML | PDF]
TB is the leading cause of death among people with HIVone-third
of the increase in TB cases can be attributed to HIVand its multidrug-resistant
strain is a threat to every nation.
Impact of HIV/AIDS on
Hispanics in the United States [HTML | PDF]
CDC targets Hispanic groups through funding for local health programs
and community-based minority organizations.
Linking Science and Prevention
Programs: The Need for Comprehensive Strategies [HTML | PDF]
Comprehensive efforts combine medical advances with persuasive
prevention education for the most effectiveness.
Need for Sustained HIV
Prevention Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: Young and Minority Men at Risk [HTML | PDF]
As the single most affected group by AIDS and HIV, men who have sex
with men are in need of continued prevention efforts. The attitudes and behaviors of young
men may not have changed as older men's have, and their high risk behavior continues.
Preventing Occupational HIV
Transmission to Health Care Workers
[HTML | PDF]
CDC aims to prevent occupational HIV transmission by preventing
occupational transmission, promoting safety devices, and developing workplace guidelines.
Prevention and Treatment of
Sexually Transmitted Diseases as an HIV Prevention Strategy [HTML | PDF]
Studies indicate that STD detection and treatment can substantially
reduce HIV transmission.
Recent HIV/AIDS Treatment
Advances and the Implications for Prevention [HTML | PDF]
Although wider use of treatment for AIDS-related illnesses has reduced
the number of people who die from AIDS, the long term effectiveness and safety of the new
combination therapies are not known, and the availability of effective medicines has
reduced some individuals' prevention efforts.
Status of Perinatal HIV
Prevention: U.S. Declines Continue; Hope for Extending Success to Developing World [HTML | PDF]
Mother-to-child HIV transmission has declined in the U.S., though HIV
remains a problem for women and children; realistic prevention methods are ready for the
Young People at Risk: Epidemic
Shifts Further Toward Young Women and Minorities [HTML | PDF]
Prevention efforts for youth must start in early adolescence and
include school and community education; risk areas must be constantly re-evaluated, and
risky behaviors must be stopped before they start.