CDC's Role in Prevention Planning


Research and Support for Community Action

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the lead federal government agency for HIV prevention in the United States. CDC works with states and communities to provide the information and tools needed to design and implement effective local prevention programs. Each community faces unique prevention challenges, and programs must be locally relevant and workable. HIV prevention works best if designed and implemented by those closest to the problem, with input from the individuals and groups for whom programs are designed.

New Emphasis on Community-Based Prevention

In December 1993, CDC initiated a new process to put more of the decisions about prevention programs in the hands of the communities affected. The process, HIV Prevention Community Planning, represents a significant step forward in planning culturally competent and scientifically sound HIV prevention services that specifically address unique community needs.

The Science to Guide Prevention

HIV is still a relatively new epidemic, and continues to evolve. Prevention programs must keep pace with the epidemic, and lessons learned in one community should be applied in others, with local modifications as needed. CDC's role is to provide the science to guide prevention. To fulfill this role, CDC has several responsibilities, including:


In the fall of 1995, the CDC created a new Center--the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP)--to coordinate CDC's HIV prevention activities. Dr. Helene Gayle was named Director of NCHSTP and now leads CDC's HIV prevention efforts, as well as the agency's programs to prevent other sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis.